Vector Operations

Vector Operations

Addition of vectors (2 Dimensional)

-there are two methods in adding series of vectors in 2 dimensional axes. They are the graphical & analytical methods.

Graphical Method:

This Method is used to determine the resultant of series of vectors graphically. This method is of two types, the parallelogram method and the polygon method.

  1. Parallelogram Method

In this method, if we are going to determine the resultant of the three vectors, A, B & C, take the resulting vectors is added to the third vector which is vector C and the resulting vector is non the Final vector.

Example:

                Given the vectors Vector Operations

Determine the resultant vector.

Vector Operations

2. Polygon Method

In this method, we will connect the series of vectors graphically starting from A reference point up to the last vector then the resultant vector is the vector connecting from A reference point to the head of last vector.

Determine the resultant vector of the three vectors.

Vector Operations

Analytical Method

This method is done through computation and this is of two types

1. Component Method

In this method the magnitude of the resultant vector is obtained by the formula

Vector Operations

2. By Sine and Cosine law

Consider an Oblique triangle CDE with sides c, d and e.

Vector Operations

Sine Law:

                c/SinC = d/SinD = e/SinE

Cosine Law:

                c^2 = d^2 + e^2 – 2de Cos C

                d^2 = c^2 + e^2 – 2ce Cos D

                e^2 = c^2 + d^2 – 2cd Cos E

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